The purpose of this activity is to draw up a set of open learner literacies with an open learning context.
I will be relating to the Jenkins et al (2009) list of 11 ‘new skills’ for learners and Mozilla Foundation’s ‘web literacy map’
|Jenkins et al (2009)||Mozilla Web Literacy Map||Important skill for individual to learn successfully and be an effective open learner||Literacy is related to ‘open’ or learner|
|Play – the capacity to experiment with one’s surroundings as a form of problem solving.
|Connecting – Sharing, Collaborating
Building – Composing for the web, remixing, designing for the web, Coding/Scripting
Exploring – Navigation, Web Mechanics, Credibility and Security
|Skills needed to allow access to the web and to use common features of a browser eg hyperlinks, HTML tags, how to use a discussion forum.
Opportunities to explore and understand the web ecosystem. A little tinkering.
Experience comparing and contrasting information from a number of sources being mindful of credibility of authors.
|Performance – the ability to adopt alternative identities for the purpose of improvisation and discovery.||Connecting – Collaborating and Community Participating|
|Simulation – the ability to interpret and construct dynamic models of real-world processes.||Exploring – Web Mechanics
Building – Designing for the web, Coding/Scripting
Connecting – Community Participating
|Appropriation- the ability to meaningfully sample and remix media content.||Connecting -Collaborating|
|Multitasking – the ability to scan one’s environment and shift focus as needed to salient details.||Connecting – Collaborating, Community Participating
Building – Remixing, Composing for the web
|Skills needed to identify remixable content within the course which can used to improve own practice and the practice of others within the MOOC community and/or own establishment.||Learner|
|Distributed cognition – the ability to interact meaningfully with tools that expand mental capacities.||Connecting – Collaborating||Reading, writing and cognitive skills needed to create meaningful interactions with others within the MOOC community using these OER||Open and Learner|
|Collective intelligence – the ability to pool knowledge and compare notes with others towards a common goal.||Connecting – Collaborating, Community Participating||Engaging with others within the MOOC community for the chosen course. Participating in discussion forums and competing activities and quizzes relating to learning objectives for the week.
Respecting others when expressing opinions during discussions.
|Judgement – the ability to evaluate the reliability and credibility of different information sources.||Connecting – Privacy, Open Practice
Exploring – credibility
|Transmedia navigation – the ability to follow the flow of stories and information across multiple modalities.||Exploring – navigation, web mechanics||Reading, manipulating, evaluating shared information within discussion forum and within the video/documents embedded as part of the course.||Open and learner elements.|
|Networking – the ability to search for synthesise and disseminate information.||Exploring – Navigation, Web Mechanics, Credibility, Security
Connecting – collaborating, Community Participating and Sharing.
|Negotiation – the ability to travel across diverse communities, discerning and respecting multiple perspectives, and grasping and following alternative norms.||Connecting – Community Participating, Privacy, Open Practice, Sharing Collaborating
Exploring – Navigation, Web Mechanics, Credibility.
|MOOCs provide the connected and diverse community where the learner will learn the skills of respecting multiple perspectives and take these on board, even when they appear abstract. The learner will learn how to participate through sharing and collaborating. The learner will explore the MOOC platform and learn how to navigate through forum and activities to support and to help reflect on their learning.||Open and learner elements.|
To be an effective learner within a MOOC learning community you need to have some form of knowledge of accessing the web and use the common features within a browser. The learner therefore needs to have an element of play skills. Once in the MOOC you have choice of how you show your profile, therefore your identity can be protected thus providing you will the freedom to learn and perform through discovery without being recognised if you make a mistake.
MOOCs simulate aspects of MOODLE and discussion forums used by formal higher education establishments therefore working within a MOOC can provide a more real-world experience and encourage the learner to investigate formal education after participation. Safe elearning environment.
While learning within a MOOC the learner reflects on their learning within the MOOC and brings it into their own learning environment. This then is returned to the discussion forum within the MOOC to support and inform the learning of others. This allows for multitasking and distributing cognitive knowledge.
Successful learning with a MOOC comes through pooling knowledge and comparing notes through the collective intelligence provided within the MOOC community and participation.
Learning within a MOOC opens up a global network of contacts with whom to learn alongside and share information.
The collaborative community within a MOOC is huge therefore judgement skills and the ability to evaluate the reliability and credibility of information shared is essential. The learner will also need the ability to navigate within the MOOC and follow networked links supplied for further research.
Within my table I have identified two skills which would be purely learner orientated, and this is due to considering the need for the learner to learn these skills before they could access the MOOC and begin their learning journey. The remaining literacy skills I feel work together as the learner would be learning through the open element of the MOOC.
These I believe are the most important out of the 11 skills suggested by Jenkins et al. (2009). If I had to develop them for learners, I would build them into the pre course learning intentions/objectives or begin my MOOC with an introductory module so that learners who would be participating had the necessary skills to undertake the MOOC. These skills could also be offered/provided by an alternative provider such as OpenLearn, Coursera, FutureLearn.
Jenkins, H., Clinton, K, Purushotma, R., Robison, A. and Weigel, M (2009) Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st Century, Chicago, IL, The MacArthur Foundation. Also available online at https://mitpress.mit.edu/sites/default/files/titles/free_download/9780262513623_Confronting_th Challenges.pdf