Moving Beyond OER

5Rs of Reuse (Wiley, 2007)

  1. Retain -the right to make, own and control copies of content
  2. Reuse – the right to use content in different ways
  3. Revise – the right to adapt, adjust, modify or alter content
  4. Remix – the right to combine with other open content
  5. Redistribute- the right to share copies of original, revisions and remixes with others

Open in open content relates to licensing – what the provider permits others to do with the content.  All 5Rs may not be permitted but its the degree of restriction that makes the resource less open.

Consider YouTube clips – do you know if the uploader had permission?  Does this put the educator in the position that they may be breaking the law? What about photographs? Do you always credit the author?  In my institution we have been advised to add creative commons to our search – but how many actually do?

Creative Commonscreative commons

Check out the Creative Commons website.







OpenLearn project uses Creative Commons Attribution – NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 licence.

  1. Attribution – anyone using content needs to attribute the OU as original creators.
  2. Non-commercial – free to reuse content as long as it is for non-commercial use
  3. Share Alike – anyone taking materials and adapting must share it under similar licence.



Wiley, D. (2007) On the Sustainability of Open Educational Resource Initiatives in Higher Education, Paris, OECD.  Also available online at (last accessed 5 April 2016)








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