Block 2 Activity 2: Open Education Reading

open ed 3

Cormier, D (2013) What do you mean…open?   A view of what openness means in higher education.

Open Education

  • rabbit hole full of paths from the Open University which led to ‘Open Source’ of 1998
  • openness can value the creator/teacher/artefact or openness can value the user/learner
  • ‘open source’ influences a pull towards valuing the creator over the user (which in my opinion may well be an aspect we need to develop if we want to encourage more research being made open through researchers gaining rewards for their work).
  • “ choice as a creator to give or not to give the fruits of my work to you as a ‘user’ of that work and for you, as the user, to accept or reject the terms I place on that gift…”  O’Reilly (2001)
  • Perhaps the most commonly used sense of ‘open’ has been the idea of creating opportunities for study for those debarred from it for whatever reasons, be it lack of formal educational attainments or shortage of vacancies, poverty, remoteness, employment or domestic necessities. Open Learning: Systems and problems in post-secondary education Mackenzie, Postgate and Scupham, 1975
  • This last point bring openness starting from the user/learner
  • MOOCs – ‘demolishes established barriers’ and the fundamental decision making process needs to be from the position of the user, not the content.  Content becomes the neutral ground.
  • Open means creating opportunities for study for learners debarred from it for whatever reasons.
  • 3 main influences of openness on education OER, OA and OT.  OER and OA are creators and OT leaves the user as able to participate or not.
  • Weller indicates that accessibility is the key to openness.


Wiley, D (2010) Open EducationTeaching  and the future

  •  open is an adjective to describe educational artefacts such as courseware, textbooks etc and these need to be freely shared.  4 Rs Re-use, Redistribute, Revise and Remix.
  • We need to be generous and share our resources
  • If we don’t share we don’t have education
  • Those who share the most completely with the most students are successful.
  • Education is in a collision course with new technology versus the old ways.
  • If the creator of a resource imposes restrictions on how their work is used then they are not sharing and this will effect learners.
  • It is forecast that up to 150 million people will be wanting to undertake some form of HE over the next 25 years (video was delivered in 2010) and we have no way of keeping up with this demand within our current HE establishments.  We need to look for ways of opening up our resources and making them interactive through the internet via platforms such as OU or social media sites.
  • Education needs to be more open, interactive in the way it plans for feedback, sharing, discourse, discussion and collaboration.
  • The more open we are the better the education.


What do you mean… open?



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